codex

(plural: codices)
Latin for a ‘tablet’ and used to denote an ancient manuscript. Ancient writings were on scrolls, but their disadvantage was having to use both hands to unroll them to find and read the particular passage required. An alternative format was developed in the form of a book with pages which could be turned, and this was gradually adopted by Christians as the most convenient arrangement for public reading. These codices also differentiated the Church from the synagogues. To make such a book, or codex, sheets of papyrus or parchment were put together.
Two of the earliest codices are from the 4th cent. CE: Codex Vaticanus and Codex Sinaiticus [[➝ codex]]. All ancient Christian MSS of the Greek Bible adopt standard abbreviations for the names of God in both OT and NT—a discreet affirmation of the link between the two Testaments and by implication a rejection of Marcion.

Dictionary of the Bible.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • codex — codex …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Codex — Codex …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • CODEX — Tablettes de bois reliées entre elles, sur lesquelles les Romains écrivaient un texte; au Moyen Âge, ce terme désigne tous les manuscrits à folios brochés. Le codex est généralement protégé par une reliure qui peut être simplement de cuir ou bien …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Codex — • The name given to a manuscript in leaf form, distinguishing it from a roll Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Codex     Codex     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • codex — CÓDEX s.n. v. codice. Trimis de hai, 22.06.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  códex s. n., pl. códexuri Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  CÓDEX codexuri n. înv …   Dicționar Român

  • Codex — (röm. Ant.), 1) Baumstamm; 2) Klotz, welchen Sklaven, daran geschmiedet, nach sich schleppten, um am Fliehen gehindert zu werden; 3) aus einem Stamm ausgehöhlter Kahn; 4) Handschrift, Buch, Gesetzbuch; daher 5) ein Buch, namentlich ein aus… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • codex — manuscript volume (especially an ancient one), 1845, from L. codex (see CODE (Cf. code)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Codex — Co dex, n.; pl. {Codices}. [L. See {Code}.] 1. A book; a manuscript. [1913 Webster] 2. A collection or digest of laws; a code. Burrill. [1913 Webster] 3. An ancient manuscript of the Sacred Scriptures, or any part of them, particularly the New… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Codex — (lat.), s. Kodex …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Codex — (lat., Mehrzahl Codĭces), die zu einem Buch verbundenen Schreibwachstafeln der Römer; nach der Erfindung der Buchdruckerkunst s.v.w. alte Handschrift (C. manuscriptus), z.B. C. argentĕus, die mit silbernen Buchstaben geschriebene, zu Upsala… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Codex [1] — Codex, lat., Baumstamm, ferner hölzerne Tafel, auf welche eine Schrift eingegraben wurde, sodann hölzerne Tafel mit Wachs überzogen zum Beschreiben mittelst des Griffels; endlich Buch, besonders großes …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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